found itself governing a small poor population. With the discovery of oil, Libyans, out of a sudden, became rich.
Sanusi and seized power (Muammar al-Qaddafi. 2016). At that time, they had little to build on but the wealth of oil was at their disposal. Instead of investing the wherewithal to develop his country, Qaddafi published his Green Book and turned Libya into a Jamahiriya: a failed state with no government where he appointed himself as a leader and claimed people to be free and govern themselves (Bazzi, 2011).
and as a consequence, political violence continued to destabilize the country.
ground for jihadists and a haven for extremists from the whole region and beyond (Chivvis, Christopher S. and Jeffrey Martini, 2014).
in the eastern city Tobruq.
outside the country, including the old members of the Libyan Islamic Fighters group, Al-Qaida, Al-Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb (AQIM), Islamic State (IS) and others such as Ansar Alsharea which was accused of killing the American ambassador in Benghazi (Torelli, Stefano and Arturo Varvelli, 2015: 7). Those fighters has entered Libya long before the arrival of IS. They established their existence in the middle of the chaos through recruitment from various countries in the middle east and the rest of the world. They swiftly joined IS as their groups seemed too small for them compared to the design of IS.
control by moving its forces in Sirte to the east in order to seize the oil export ports. In fact, there are also some fighting forces of IS in Ajdabiya but they lack supplies and military reinforcements.
returning from Syria and Iraq.
understood the problem and they are really concerned about the fragmentation of the North African country and fear that it will become a fertile ground for the extremists of the Islamic state.
within 10 days.
lined up in three fronts of warring factions. In fact, Libya now has three non-functioning governments, one of them is struggling in its exile to prove its legitimacy, not to mention the establishment an Islamic state under the rule of Abu Baker Albaghdady.
Bazzi, Mohamad. (2011). What Did Qaddafi’s Green Book Really Say? Retrieved 25 , January, 2016 from http://www.nytimes.com/2011/05/29/books/review/what-did-qaddafis-green-book-really-say.html?_r=0
State, Al-Qaeda, Al-Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb and Ansar al-Sharia in Libya, in Libya’s Fight For Survival : Defeating Jihadist Networks, Counter Extremism Project, European Foundation for Democracy. Retrieved 25 , January, 2016 from http://europeandemocracy.eu/wp-content/uploads/2015/09/2015-09-Libyas-Fight-for-Survival1.pdf